Psychological Aspects of Breath Odors – Halitophobia and Olfactory Reference Syndrome (ORS)

Halitophobia
In some 15–30% of patients complaining of a serious breath odor problem, little or no malodor can be detected by the examiner either organoleptically by smelling the patient’s breath or using laboratory techniques (Quirynen et al. 2009; Seemann et al. 2006). These patients vary in t…